Wednesday, July 6, 2011


In 1994, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) recommended, for the purpose of studying tourism, that tourism statistics should be classified thus:
  1. Inbound tourism - which consists of non-residents travelling in a given country (also called international tourist arrivals).
  2. Outbound tourism - which consists of residents of a given country travelling to another country.
  3. Domestic tourism - residents of a given country travelling within that country
These categories would include tourism for all purposes (leisure, business or other), and also overnight and day visitors.

From this, we can derive another kind of classification:
  1. Internal tourism: consisting of domestic and inbound tourism;
  2. National tourism: consisting of domestic and outbound tourism;
  3. International tourism: consisting of inbound and outbound tourism.
Tourism statistics are an important way to understand the phenomenon of tourism and also influence public policy. Tourism is a category of trade, and inbound tourism is a kind of commercial service export. It can bring export income to a country, or help it to earn foreign currency.


Inbound Tourism (or international tourist arrivals)

1. By country of origin (2007) (the top seven, in decreasing order): UK, USA, Canada, France, Sri Lanka, Germany, Japan.

2. By mode of transport: mostly by air, very few by sea.

3. By destination within India (the top five): Delhi (15%), Maharashtra (12%), Tamil Nadu (11%), Rajasthan (10%), and West Bengal (8%).

4. Season: October to February.

Outbound Tourism

Top destinations: Singapore, China, Thailand, USA, and Hong Kong.

The number of Indians going abroad has been increasing, with 16 million Indians travelling abroad in 2006.

Domestic Tourism

The number of Indians travelling within India is almost ten times the number of foreigners travelling in India.

Top destinations: Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Rajasthan.


Inbound tourism (international tourist arrivals)

1. By purpose: for leisure/recreation/holidays (51%), VFR/religion (27%), business/profession (15%), other (7%).

2. By mode of transport: air (51%), road (41%), water (6%), rail (2%).

3. By region of origin: Europe, Americas, Asia and the Pacific, Middle East and Africa.

4. Top countries of destination: France, USA, China, Spain, Italy, UK, Turkey, Australia, Malaysia, and Mexico.

5. Top countries of destination in Asia: China, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Thailand, Macau, and Singapore. India is the 10th most popular destination in Asia.

Outbound Tourism

Most travellers prefer to travel within their own regions. Also, most travellers are from the developed nations, though people from Asia and the Pacific regions have been travelling more in recent years.

1. By region of origin: Europe, Asia and the Pacific, Americas, Middle East, Africa.

2. By spending: Germany, USA, China, United Kingdom and France.

1. Recommendations on Tourism Statistics (UNWTO)

2. Tourism Highlights 2011 (UNWTO)

3. Environmental Information System of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India

4. Indian Tour Operators Promotion Council

1 comment:

  1. Thanks for the great post. it was really interesting & konwledgeable information.

    Domestic tourism